As the good weather approaches, so too does the athletic season and a plethora of triathlon events commence to take place. Recent physiotherapy and sports rehabilitation news articles have focused on triathlon and overuse injuries and where on the triathlon course those injuries occur and iliotibial band (ITB) injuries certainly are a common injury, but just what do they entail and how are they treated?
Iliotibial band syndrome is accredited to being one of many leading causes of lateral knee pain in athletes, particularly with runners. Running from the pelvis and down the outside of the thigh, and inserting below the knee on the outer aspect, the iliotibial band, or ITB, works in conjunction with the other muscles of the hip to extend, abduct and rotate the hip outwards, and in addition it works to stabilise the not in the knee through extension and flexiom. Therefore, it is used continually when walking and running.
A few of the training habits that will contribute towards iliotibial band injuries include; consistently running on banked surfaces. This causes the downhill-positioned leg to bend slightly inward. This triggers extreme stretching of the band from the femur. Excessive up-hill and downhill running (and indeed upstairs and downstairs) also provide an adverse effect. Inadequate warm-up and cool-down is another common contributory factor. But it's not absolutely all running-orientated activity that will negatively contribute towards ITB probl